|Consider a regular polygon with N sides. A diagonal is defined to be a line segment drawn that connects two non-adjacent vertices of the polygon (with the two vertices as its endpoints). A set of diagonals is said to be safe if no two diagonals cross one another, except for possibly at the polygon's vertices.|
A coloring of a polygon is a mapping of the non-negative integers, or colors, to the vertices of the polygon. Given a set of safe diagonals, a valid coloring of a polygon is a coloring of the polygon such that no two vertices which are connected by a diagonal or share a side have the same color.
Two diagonals are distinct if at least one of their endpoints is different, and two sets of diagonals are distinct if one set contains some diagonal not contained in the other.
You're given a coloring of a polygon with N sides, where the coloring is given by a int colors and N is described by a int. Here, the ith element of colors is the color of the ith vertex. Return how many distinct sets of safe diagonals may be assigned to the polygon such that the coloring is valid. As this result may be very large, return the answer modulo 100000007.
|-||N will be between 3 and 50, inclusive.|
|-||colors will have exactly N elements.|
|-||Each element of colors will be between 0 and N-1, inclusive.|