Suppose I want to make a decision rationally. One approach is to come up with several categories and weight each category
according to its importance. Then I assign scores in each category to the competing alternatives, and pick the alternative
with the highest total weighted score. For example, suppose I am buying a new car and I need to decide between a sedan,
a minivan, or a sportutility vehicle (SUV). In consultation with my wife, I come up with four categories
 cost (weight 3)
 carrying capacity (weight 2)
 fuel efficiency (weight 1)
 fun (weight 1)
After studying each vehicle carefully, we give them the following scores:
Vehicle Cost Cap. Eff. Fun Total Score

sedan 6 3 5 4 6*3+3*2+5*1+4*1 = 33
minivan 5 5 3 2 5*3+5*2+3*1+2*1 = 30
SUV 4 6 2 6 4*3+6*2+2*1+6*1 = 32
Clearly we should purchase the sedan. Unfortunately, neither of us
wants the sedan. I really want the minivan, and my wife really
wants the SUV. And so begins the process of rationalization, in which
we each try to tweak the numbers to make our choice come out on top.
She quickly realizes that by tweaking one number, changing
the weight of the fun category from 1 to 2, she can cause the SUV to
win with a score of 38 (versus 37 for the sedan and 32 for the minivan).
I have to work harder, but if I tweak two numbers, changing the cost score of
the minivan from 5 to 6 and the efficiency score of the sedan from 5 to 4, then I
can make the minivan win with a score of 33 (versus 32 for both the SUV and the sedan).
Note that there are several other tweaks that each of us could have made that would
have achieved our respective goals.
Given the inital weights and scores, as well as the zerobased index desired
of the alternative that you want to win, determine the minimum number of tweaks needed to
make your chosen alternative win. To win, your chosen alternative must end up with a score
strictly higher than all the other alternativesties are not good enough. A single
tweak involves changing the value of a particular weight or a particular score up or
down by one. The same number cannot be tweaked more than once, and a tweak may not cause
a weight or a score to exceed 9 or drop below 1. If no amount of tweaking can make your
chosen alternative win, return 1.
weights will be given as a int[], and scores will be given as a String[].
Element J of weights is the weight for category J, and element I of scores contains the scores for alternative I. Within element I of scores, character J represents the score for alternative I
in category J. In the example above, weights would be { 3, 2, 1, 1 } and scores would be
{ "6354", "5532", "4626" }, with desired=2 for the SUV and desired=1 for the minivan. (See Examples 0 and 1.)
