### Problem Statement

```***Note:  Please keep programs under 7000 characters in length.  Thank you

Class Name: SquareDigits
Method Name: smallestResult
Parameters: int
Returns: int

Define the function S(x) as the sum of the squares of the digits of x.
For example: S(3)=3*3=9 and S(230)=2*2+3*3+0*0=13.

Define the set T(x) to be the set of unique numbers that are produced by
repeatedly applying S to x.  That is: S(x), S(S(x)), S(S(S(x))), etc...
For example, repeatedly applying S to 37:
S(37)=3*3+7*7=58.
S(58)=5*5+8*8=89.
S(89)=145.
S(145)=42.
S(42)=20.
S(20)=4.
S(4)=16.
S(16)=37.
Note this sequence will repeat so we can stop calculating now and:
T(37)={58,89,145,42,20,4,16,37}.
However, note T(x) may not necessarily contain x.

Implement a class SquareDigits, which contains a method smallestResult.  The
method takes an int, n, as a parameter and returns the smallest int, x, such
that T(x) contains n.

The method signature is (be sure your method is public):
int smallestResult(int n);

TopCoder will ensure n is non-negative and is between 0 and 199 inclusive.

Examples:
If n=0: S(0) = 0, so T(0)={0}, so the method should return 0.

If n=2: T(0) through T(10) do not contain the value 2.  If x=11, however:
S(11)=1*1+1*1=2, so T(11) contains 2, and the method should return 11.

If n=10: T(0) through T(6) do not contain 10.  If x=7:
S(7)=49.
S(49)=97.
S(97)=130.
S(130)=10.
S(10)=1.
and it starts to repeat...
so T(7) is {49,97,130,10,1}, which contains 10, and the method should return 7.

n=1 -> x=1
n=19 -> x=133
n=85 -> x=5
n=112 -> x=2666
```

### Definition

 Class: SquareDigits Method: smallestResult Parameters: int Returns: int Method signature: int smallestResult(int param0) (be sure your method is public)

#### Problem url:

http://www.topcoder.com/stat?c=problem_statement&pm=163

#### Problem stats url:

http://www.topcoder.com/tc?module=ProblemDetail&rd=50&pm=163

Unknown

#### Problem categories:

Brute Force, Math